The most common fluke infecting cats is Platynosomum concinnum in Florida, Hawaii, and other tropical areas. The cat liver fluke is a hepatic fluke, which means it affects the bile duct, small intestines, pancreatic duct and liver. Diarrhea / Fever / Jaundice / Poor Appetite / Vomiting / Weight Loss. Some people may also notice hives, poor appetite, and unexplained weight loss when they have a liver fluke infection. “Any … 2. Lymphocytic cholangitis, suspected to be immune-mediated, can have a prolonged clinical course with weight loss and ascites as the predominant features. Liver cancer manifests itself in cats in three types, all of which involve tumors that are found in the liver. Could this be liver fluke? Without treatment, liver fluke can be fatal. It is characterized by the reduced growth rate, reduced production, reduced milk production, malnutrition, and death. Platynosomum fastosum(Syn Platynosomum concinnum) is a feline-specific liver fluke that resides in hepatic bile ducts and the gallbladder. Transmission is via eating an intermediate host: frogs and lizards. There are several types of intestinal, liver, and pancreatic flukes that can infect cats (see Table: Types of Flukes that Infect Cats); however, infection of cats is uncommon in the US. On rare occasions, the parasite can block the cat's bile ducts, preventing the bile from entering the small intestine to aid in digestion. Liver fluke in humans happen by drinking water and consuming fish from places where liver flukes stay. History, physical examination, laboratory testing, and abdominal ultrasound support a diagnosis. Introduction. Unfortunately, no treatment currently exists for liver disease in dogs and cats, unless a specific toxin is identified. This name is derived from "hemo" (blood) and "lymphatic" (indicates the lymph system). The operculated eggs of these parasites may be identified in the feces of infected animals. Discussion. You will need to give a thorough history of your cat's health, onset of symptoms, and lifestyle behaviors, such as whether your cat is allowed outdoor access. Found across parts of Asia, Clonorchis is also known as the Chinese or oriental liver fluke. In most patients that have been given appropriate treatment in time, before severe damage may have occurred to the liver or gallbladder, an uncomplicated recovery is expected. Lung flukes are parasites that come from crayfish and live in cats for part of their life cycle. Hepatic trematode infection has been diagnosed in kittens as young as 4 months of age. The small lizards that run all over in Florida – technically called anoles – are a perfect intermediate host for liver flukes. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!. Snails then eat the eggs, and may themselves be eaten by toads or lizards. Diagnosis using hepatic histopathology and/or bile analysis is ideal but not always practical … The liver fluke affects cattle, sheep goats, pigs, horses, hares and man. The veterinarian may also place the cat on an antibiotic in order to prevent infections from occurring. Clonorchis is a liver fluke parasite that humans can get by eating raw or undercooked fish, crabs, or crayfish from areas where the parasite is found. The typical patient is a young feral cat between the ages of 6 to 24 months with access to local wild life. Humans usually become infected with liver flukes after eating raw or undercooked freshwater fish and in some cases watercress. Risk factors for infection are living in a tropical or subtropical climate in which the appropriate intermediate hosts reside, access to an outdoor or indoor/outdoor environment, successful hunting skills, and consumption of an infected intermediate host. Outdoor cats and feral cats who hunt are more susceptible to contracting the fluke. The cat has remained clinically normal. Pancreatic and Liver Flukes in Cats Pancreatic and liver flukes are worms or parasites that infect domestic cats. It is impossible to spread it through contact or any other way that is to say even the people who have them may not realize that they are infected. The have a pink-grayish to dark red color. Most common in cats that are allowed to hunt. The larvae, now know as cercariae, are released from the snail, and they are consumed by a larger fish, frog or lizard. Flukes (also called trematodes) are a class of parasites that can infect cats. Liver fluke disease is a chronic parasitic disease of the bile ducts. This diseased state may be due to sudden, massive liver tissue death. They are a small parasite that is transmitted from one animal to another through lizards. What is Liver Failure in Cats? In order to diagnose this condition, a veterinarian must start with a thorough physical exam. 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